Thursday, March 19, 2020
Caregiver vs. Caretaker Caregiver vs. Caretaker Caregiver vs. Caretaker By Maeve Maddox A reader wonders about the difference in meaning between caretaker and caregiver: It seems to me that they should have opposite meanings. Is there a difference in usage? Although Ã¢â¬Å"to giveÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"to takeÃ¢â¬ describe opposite actions, caretakers and caregivers both mean Ã¢â¬Å"people who provide care and attention.Ã¢â¬ Caretaker has been in the language since the mid-1800s. Its earliest meaning was Ã¢â¬Å"one who takes care of a thing, place, or person; one put in charge of anything.Ã¢â¬ Here are two early examples of the usage given in the OED: The souters wife..was servant to Gilbert Brown..and..acted as nurse and care-taker to Agnes his daughter. (1858) The caretaker of the house met them, hat in hand. (1859) Caregiver is a newcomer that entered American English in the 1960s and migrated to British English in the 1970s. It means Ã¢â¬Å"a person, typically either a professional or close relative, who looks after a disabled or elderly person.Ã¢â¬ Caregiver can also refer to a parent, foster-parent, or social services professional who provides care for an infant or child. According to estimates from the National Alliance for Caregiving, during the past year, 65.7 million Americans (or 29 % of the U.S. adult population involving 31 percent of all U.S. households) served as family caregivers for an ill or disabled relative. In modern usage, caretaker is sometimes used with the same sense as caregiver, but itÃ¢â¬â¢s more commonly used with these two main meanings: 1. noun: a person who looks after property: Alan John, caretaker at Buckholme Towers School in Lower Parkstone for 17 years, died in June this year at Forest Holme Hospice. St. Louis looks to overhaul Soldiers Memorial, find new caretaker 2. adjective (or attributive noun): designating a government, administration, etc., in office temporarily: CAS Coovadia, the MD of the Banking Association of South Africa, has been appointed as the caretaker CEO of Business Unity South Africa (Busa) while the business organisation looks for a new CEO. Bulgarian president names new caretaker government A group of people being looked after by a caregiver is called a Ã¢â¬Å"care group.Ã¢â¬ An individual being looked after by a caregiver may be called anything from Ã¢â¬Å"Mr. JonesÃ¢â¬ to Ã¢â¬Å"Momma.Ã¢â¬ Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Get a subscription and start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily! Keep learning! Browse the Misused Words category, check our popular posts, or choose a related post below:85 Synonyms for Ã¢â¬Å"HelpÃ¢â¬ Using the Active Voice to Strengthen Your Writing9 Forms of the Past Tense
Tuesday, March 3, 2020
Bad education, The Guardian Bad education, The Guardian Recruiters say grammatical sloppiness is depressingly common among young job seekers but could you do any better? By Emma-Jayne Jones and Robert Ashton Rhythm really has your two hips moving. The car was stationary. Paper is stationery. Sound like gobbledygook? Some people feel that mnemonics like these to remember simple spelling rules can be the difference between getting a job and losing it. Around half of all CVs received by recruitment consultants, says the Recruitment and Employment Commission, contain spelling or grammatical errors, and these are most likely to be made by those aged between 21 and 25. In this age group, graduates are twice as likely to make mistakes as those who did not go on to university. The feedback we have received from recruiters is that there are worrying shortcomings in the written communication skills of this age group, says Tom Hadley, director of external affairs at the REC. You would expect that by the time students reach universities they would have good basic written skills, but the results show that this isnt the case. Formal written communication is, in part, being eroded by our text and email culture. These methods of communication are instantaneous, so no time is taken to proofread messages before they are sent. CV errors give the impression that university qualifications may not meet the standards demanded in everyday work, says Hadley. Having a degree is one thing but it is no substitute for basic skills. If people can get into university and graduate without needing them, it is a bad sign for the future. In the workplace, todays graduates are not alone in their literacy shortcomings. Anyone who went to school between the late 60s and the late 90s is part of a lost generation when it comes to any kind of formal education in grammar and punctuation. Both were missing from the UK school curriculum for more than 30 years. Writing sentences with different verb tenses, or no verb at all; using nouns and verbs that dont agree; leaving out apostrophes, or putting them in when they are not needed; punctuating quotes incorrectly; forgetting commas or using too many: all of these are common failings in peoples writing. Spelling tends to be less of a problem, thanks to spellcheckers. But how would the average office worker fare if those were taken away? There is no doubt that, both inside and outside the workplace, people are gaining a more acute awareness of language and are irritated by its misuse. Companies are responding by seeking out help with grammar and punctuation for employees at every level. Test your knowledge So how does your knowledge stack up in this new literacy-sensitive era? You may have received a copy of Lynne Trusss Eats, Shoots Leaves as a Christmas stocking filler, but have a look at the following extract from a change consultants report to management and see if you can spot the grammar, punctuation and spelling mistakes. Management wants to introduce new measures to combat the noticable increase in sick leave. The average annual number of sick days has risen from five to 10 which is seen as a considerable embarassment to the new HR director. But I wonder if the responsibility should lay solely with her? And even if management does agree whos responsibility the problem is they also have a seperate and justified concern that any action taken should be carefully-considered. Meanwhile, although the employees are hoping for a decent pay rise its likely that their going to be disappointed. The CEOs arguement is that they got one last year and theres been no corresponding improvement in performance so hes not prepared to consider another rise. He said The pay rise has had the opposite affect. People have become more lethargic, since we started paying them more. However other board directors might feel that higher pay will accelarate performance, although it will take time. Whatever happens with regards to pay rises, the principle point here is that its time the Board announced its decision. The uncertainty is effecting staff morale, less people than expected are supporting company events, as theres a general feeling that the responsibility for making these events a success is not theirs. So how did you get on? Heres a breakdown of the errors. MISSPELLINGS noticable noticeable embarassment embarrassment seperate separate arguement argument accelarate accelerate GRAMMAR AND PUNCTUATION Paragraph one, second sentence: There should be a comma before which. Third sentence The responsibility should lie solely with her, not lay solely with her?. Lay is a transitive verb, so it must be followed by an object for example: She lays the table. The question mark is unnecessary here as it is not a direct question. Final sentence There should be a comma before even if and the one after problem is to denote that this clause is extra to the main idea. The first part says management does agree, whereas the second part says they also have a concern (strictly speaking, management is singular, but avoid mixing singular and plural). It should be whose, not whos. Whos is short for who is or who has; whose is about possession. Add another dash after and justified to show that this is an aside. Also, never use a hyphen after adverbs ending in -ly Paragraph two, first sentence A comma should follow pay rise to denote that this clause is extra to the main idea. Its likely, not its likely. Use an apostrophe only when its is short for it is or it has Theyre going to be, not their going to be, because the meaning is they are and is not possessive. Second sentence There should be an apostrophe for CEOs because it is possessive; and a comma between performance and so to denote a natural pause. Third sentence A comma or colon is needed to introduce the quote. Effect, not affect. A person can be affected by an incident, whereas an effect is the result of an incident. The comma between lethargic and since should not be used, as there is no natural pause here. A comma should come after the However, to give the reader the correct sense of the sentence. Paragraph three, first sentence Principal, not principle. A principle is a fundamental truth or a standard of personal conduct. Principal denotes something which is most important. Its decision, not its decision (see above). Second sentence Affecting not effecting (see above). Two separate sentences. Ideally, use a semicolon as the two sentences are very closely linked, but you could get away with a full stop. Fewer, not less. Fewer refers to a smaller number of something; less refers to a smaller quantity. For example: There was less milk in the bottle than before. Theres, not theres, as its an abbreviation for there is. Theirs, not theirs. The word theirs does not exist (other than in the headline on page nine of one tabloid newspaper last month: Hell family banned from all 900 homes apart from theirs).
Saturday, February 15, 2020
Managing organization - Essay Example EmployeesÃ¢â¬â¢ needs are an essential internal element in bringing effectiveness, and high performance in an organization, whereas organizational technology, size, political/ regulatory changes, ethics and environmental changes are the external conditions that could influence performance (Daft, & Armstrong, 2009). Talents and skills of the workforce are indispensable if a firm is to become a high performing. Organizational performance is bound to suffer when organizational members are insufficiently trained or skilled. Managers have to change the nature of workers tasks from being routine jobs to empowered roles. Traditionally, employees were assigned tasks from the top management, where information and control of tasks were centered. Nevertheless, the modern context requires workers to perform roles that are part of the dynamic social system. A role has discretion and responsibility, permitting an individual to utilize his or her ability, talent, skills and judgment to accomplish an organizational outcome or goal. Employees and their knowledge are weighty than the means of production or the means of service delivery in relation to organizational prosperity (Daft, & Armstrong, 2009). ... The contemporary workplace contains numerous employees who execute most of their work through computers, and may also work in virtual teams that are electronically linked around the globe. Diversity is another aspect that modern organizations cannot afford to overlook. As globalization continues to be part of organizationsÃ¢â¬â¢ playing field, the human resource and customersÃ¢â¬â¢ base change dramatically. Managing diversity effectively results in increased organizational performance. An example of a corporation that registered organizational success and performance by embracing diversity is the Avon Corporation and the McKinsey & Co. (Daft, & Armstrong, 2009). An organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s culture that forms the key values, beliefs and comprehensions and norms shared by workers may influence organizational performance. Values and beliefs are essential in helping an organization execute its corporate strategy and attain its mission. Well established values are the deep drivers of wor ker behavior and are well understood by employees. Thus, beliefs and values that are embedded in the organization and are congruent with the companyÃ¢â¬â¢s approach to leadership enhance organizational performance. An organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s processes and structure determine how an organization arranges its work policies, processes and procedures to sustain and execute corporate strategy. Processes and structure of an organization influences the level of organizational performance. Organizations that experience high performance put processes that reinforce strategy and tasks to most effectively allow human (Daft, & Armstrong, 2009). The influence of ethics in the contemporary world of business is a development in organizations that constrains the freedom of organizational members.
Sunday, February 2, 2020
Fundementals of nursing informatics - Assignment Example A patient care scenario will be discussed to discern how NANDA, NOC and NIC elements were applied. The data, information, knowledge and wisdom framework will be applied to develop the patient care scenario. STNs are utilized as part f the Electronic Health Records in healthcare setting and symbolize the nursing data, information, as well as knowledge, which can be kept in the electronic systems to be utilized as a reference by doctors or nurses. The scenario that this paper will be discussing is: 40 year old male patient presenting to the ED with CP x 3 days and c/o SOB. Pt is diaphoretic and pale on arrival. VSS are BP 123/74; HR 130; pt. with shallow rapid respirations rate 36; O2 sat 96% on 4L NC. The registered nurse chose the correct clinical diagnoses make use of the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association (NANDA) terminology rooted in the patientÃ¢â¬â¢s immediate needs, as well as her comprehensive evaluation. The care plan she developed has a linkage between patientsÃ¢â¬â¢ needed goals, interventions and diagnoses. Utilizing the Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC), the patient and nurse set the desired short-term and long-term goals. Nursing diagnosis, which would be practical for the scenario might be: reduced cardiac output r/t compromised regulatory mechanism; excessive fluid volume r/t compromised regulatory mechanism; fear r/t unknown outcome of developing situation, nervousness r/t situation of sickness and knowledge deficit r/t nonconformity with medication. Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC), on the other hand, is an all-inclusive, standardized classification of clinical outcomes developed to assess the impact of interventions offered by nurses (MÃ ¼llerÃ¢â¬ Staub et al., 2006). Rooted in the scenario, the NOC might be: Excessive Fluid Volume: Fluid Balance, Electrolyte and Acid-Base Balance, Hydration; Fear: States precise information on the situation, Verbalizes known fears; Anxiety:
Saturday, January 25, 2020
William Wordsworth's "Lines Composed a Few Miles Above Tintern Abbey" Whereas most individuals tend to see nature as a playhouse that should alter and self-destruct to their every need, William Wordsworth had a very different view. Wordsworth perceived nature as a sanctuary where his views of life, love, and his creator were eventually altered forever. The intensity of Wordsworth's passion for nature elevated him from a boy into the inspiring man and poet in which he is recognized to be today. One of the most compelling works Wordsworth ever devised was that of "Lines Composed a Few Miles Above Tintern Abbey." The poem enlightens the reader on the awesome power and depth of nature, which Wordsworth has discovered in his trials and tribulations upon the earth. Thus, to fully understand the significance of nature in all lives told through "Lines Composed A few Miles Above Tintern Abbey" one must understand the setting and mood, as well as comprehend the rhyme scheme, and use of many diverse poetic devices that interact within the poem. One is able to gain insight into "Lines Composed a Few Lines Above Tintern Abbey" by first trying to understand the mood and setting of the poem. Although it "is a miniature of the long poem Wordsworth never quite wrote" (Robyn Young p.409) it lacked nothing as far as depth and intensity goes. Wordsworth was very skilled in such areas, although his writing may be come very complex it is said that it was a result of "the spontaneous overflow of emotion" (Gale Net). Wordsworth wrote this poem, as cited by Wordsworth without "any part of it was written down till I reached Bristol" (F.W. Bateson p.191). Wordsworth was a firm believer that man should ?find an immanent force that unites them with their physical and spiritual environments? (Jan Shoemaker p.1). As Wordsworth revisits this beloved place of his (Tintern Abbey) he is reminded of how he once perceived this sanctuary. Wordsworth attempts to compare and contrast two worlds, Brian Barbour states ?Wordsworth?s basic strategy is to a ppeal to the spiritual while remaining entirely within the natural order?(Barbour p.154). When he was a young child he came to this valley using it as his own personal playground. He never gave nature the respect and praise that it so deserved. He just saw nature through a young child?s eyes; he saw a tree in which to climb, grass in which wa... ...pt. The reader viewpoint of nature in a sense is altered, as Wordsworth is erudite about the wonders of our mother nature. One must learn to live in harmony with nature to fully understand our true character and to enjoy the gracious gifts of natural world that have so graciously bestowed upon us all. Works Cited Barbour, Brian. "Between Two Worlds." Nineteenth-Century Literature. California Press (1993): 14 7-168 Bateson, F.W. Wordsworth a Re-Interpretation. London: Lowe and Brydone (Printers) Limited, 1956. Bloom, Harold. Bloom's Major Poets. Pennsylvania: Chelsea House Publishers, 1999. Bloom, Harold. Modern Critical Views. New York: Chelsea House Publishers, 1985. Gill, Stephen. A Life. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989. Hartman, Geoffery H. The Unremarkable Wordsworth. Vol. 34. Minnesota: University of Minnesota, 1987. Shoemaker, Jan. Bill and Gus. [Online] http://FirstSearch.oclc.org. Jan 27, 2000. Wordsworth, William. Detroit: Gale Company, 1999. [Online] Exploring Poetry. Feb 22, 2000. Wordsworth, William. Lines Composed. [Online] http://www.library.com/poems, Feb 29, 2000 Young, Robyn V. Poetry Criticism. Vol. 4. Detroit: Gale Company, 1992
Friday, January 17, 2020
English Language Learners (ELLS) are usually foreigners who composed the minority students of the country. Even if they are not native citizens of the United States there needs and rights should be properly respected and protected especially in terms of the process of their learning of the English language. The succeeding paragraphs will discuss some cases that affect the rights of these ELLs. The cases of Lau v. Nichols (1974) and Plyler v. Doe (1982) have substantial improved the education of ELLs. The unanimous decision of the Supreme Court in the case of Lau v. Nichols orders that all students should have an equal access not only to facilities, textbooks, teachers and curriculum but also in learning the English language. The court believes that difficulty in comprehending the English language deprives the student of meaningful education. Moreover, the case of Plyler v. Doe opens the doors for immigrants to enroll their students in public schools. This gives immigrant children the right for free public education regardless of whether their parents are documented or not (Legal Responsibilities of Education Agencies Serving Language Minority Students). Other judicial rulings like in the case of Serna v. Portales (New Mexico, 1974), Cintron v. Bretwood (New York, 1978), and Castaneda v. Pickard (Texas, 1981) have also contributed in enhancing the rights of ELLs as well as in addressing their needs. These are clearly shown by the bilingual and bicultural instruction programs that were implemented after the court found out that Spanish students are discriminated in the Serna v. Portales case. Equal treatment among ELLs are also further emphasize by the remaining two cases wherein it made sure that the bilingual programs would uphold both languages rather than subordinating the other one. Lastly, the Castaneda v. Pickard case has a very important role in the enhancement of the right of ELLs because it served as a basis in assuring a schoolÃ¢â¬â¢s compliance with the Equal Educational Opportunity Act of 1974 (Legal Responsibilities of Education Agencies Serving Language Minority Students). In all these, it is seen that judicial rulings are indeed important because there interpretation of the law had been a way in order to improve the situation of ELLs in their learning process. Work Cited Ã¢â¬Å"Legal Responsibilities of Education Agencies Serving Language Minority StudentsÃ¢â¬ . 1995. 28 August 2008 .
Thursday, January 9, 2020
The Epic Father-Son Battle: Phillip II versus Alexander the Great Chris L. Word Count: 1595 During the times of ancient Greece, perhaps one of the most influential and known powers was Macedonia. MacedoniaÃ¢â¬â¢s empire existed from the 800s BC to 146 BC and is principally known for the accomplishments of itÃ¢â¬â¢s leaders: Phillip II and his son, Alexander the Great. Phillip II worked internally in the regions near Greece strengthening his country, while Alexander operated very far from Greece, conquering much of the known world. Both of these leaders are two very different people, which makes them hard to compare, but a question arises; to what extent was Alexander greater than Phillip II? The purpose of this essay is to examine both leadersÃ¢â¬â¢Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦He quickly created alliances and subdued anyone who opposed him. He strengthened loyalties by taking various actions such as marrying Olympia and he conquered what he saw would be beneficial for his empire. For example, he conquered the Athenian colony of Amphipolis in Thrace (357 BC), which historians see as a key move as it gave him possession to the gold mines of Mount Pangaeus, which financed his empire and AlexanderÃ¢â¬â¢s military later on. He also conquered Potidea in Chalidice, Pynda on the Thermaic Gulf and Crenides in Thrace. With all these places under his control, he earned a seat in the Delphic council. When Thebes and Athens rebelled against him in 338 BC, at the battle of Chaeronea, he defeated them, securing his rule and thus uniting the country. Unlike Alexander, Phillip started out threatened to lose control of his country, but then he united it and gained power. Overall this is a key move that distinguishes Phillip II from Alexander. The reason Alexander would be considered greater than Phillip II is because he was able to defeat the Persian Empire and then conquered most of the known world, which Phillip failed to achieve. Alexander truly had a profound impact on history as stated by Tomas R. Martin, an American historian: Ã¢â¬Å"Alexander is a legend, but heÃ¢â¬â¢s not a myth. HeÃ¢â¬â¢s real. What he did Ã¢â¬â for better or for worse Ã¢â¬â shows in the starkest and most exciting terms the lack of